- 1 Brief statement of principle
- 2 Description of principle
- 3 Experimental support
- 4 Theoretical rationale
- 5 Conditions of application
- 6 Caveats, limitations, open issues, or dissenting views
- 7 Variations (descendants)
- 8 Generalizations (ascendants)
- 9 References
Brief statement of principle
Features of an instructional component that are designed to match up with students' personal interests, experiences, or typical patterns of language use increase robust learning by increasing student motivation.
sense similar to Clark & Mayer, 2003
Presenting language (text or speech) to the student using first- and second-person pronouns, as well as polite and informal language.
sense similar to Cordova & Lepper, 1996
Tailoring instructional content to match the learner's personal interests or preferences.
Description of principle
Laboratory experiment support
In vivo experiment support
Conditions of application
Caveats, limitations, open issues, or dissenting views
Cordova, D. I. & Lepper, M. R. (1996). Intrinsic Motivation and the Process of Learning: Beneficial Effects of Contextualization, Personalization, and Choice. Journal of Educational Psychology. Vol. 88,l No. 4, 715-730.
Clark, R. C. and Mayer, R. E. (2003). e-Learning and the Science of Instruction. Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.